National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

Detail of content to be introduced
Word Formation of nouns using suffixes such as –ness, –er and by compounding [for example, whiteboard, superman].
Formation of adjectives using suffixes such as –ful, –less.
Use of the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and the use of –ly in Standard English to turn adjectives into adverbs.
Sentence Subordination (using when, if, that, because) and coordination (using or, and, but).
Expanded noun phrases for description and specification [for example, the blue butterfly, plain flour, the man in the moon].
How the grammatical patterns in a sentence indicate its function as a statement, question, exclamation or command.
Text Correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout writing.
Use of the progressive form of verbs in the present and past tense to mark actions in progress [for example, she is drumming, he was shouting].
Punctuation Use of capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences.
Commas to separate items in a list.
Apostrophes to mark where letters are missing in spelling and to mark singular possession in nouns [for example, the girl’s name].
Terminology for pupils noun, noun phrase, statement, question, exclamation, command, compound, suffix, adjective, adverb, verb, tense (past, present), apostrophe, comma.

Notes and guidance (non-statutory)

The terms for discussing language should be embedded for pupils in the course of discussing their writing with them. Their attention should be drawn to the technical terms they need to learn.

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