Spelling: Suffixes and 'e'

If an original word ends in a final e, as in manage,adding a suffix will sometimes require that you drop the final e in the root word.

How do you know when to drop the final e?

First, consider the following examples, which either drop or keep the final e.

Now take a look at the rules.


  1. Keep the e:
    1. if the suffix starts with a consonant;
    2. if the root word ends in −ge or −ce (e.g. courage) and the suffix starts with an o or an a (courage + −ouscourageous); or
    3. if the base form ends in −oe or −ee, unless the suffix begins with an e (to avoid a triple eee!).
  2. Otherwise, drop the final e.

Do the examples below follow the rules we’ve laid out?

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