The Englicious Glossary includes the new National Curriculum glossary terms, which are shown against a white background. However, there's much more to be found here:
- we have added many entries that we feel are important, but cannot be found in the NC Glossary (e.g. connective), and
- in many cases we have added information to the often very brief NC entries that need further explanation (e.g. clause and phrase).
Please note that in line with our practice throughout the site, we use capital letters for function terms such as Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Modifier, etc. Although this convention is not followed in the documentation published by the Department for Education we have also done so in the text that forms part of the National Curriculum Glossary.
Tip: Within our units and resources, Glossary items appear highlighted within the text. When you hover over them, or click on them in the Slideshow, a popup is generated.
An acronym for grammar, spelling, and punctuation. The 2014 UK National Curriculum formally refers to GPaS, and Englicious opts for this formal appellation. SPaG has become the common colloquial term among many teachers, educationalists, and publishers.
At the end of year 6, students are required to take a GPaS exam. Resources for exam prep can be found on Englicious in the Level menu, under the heading Y6 GPaS Test.
For example, let’s look at the fuzziness or gradience of the noun category. So, cat, table and apple are all deemed to be ‘good’ members of category. They are physical objects; they take a possessive form; they can be plural or singular, and they can appear after a determiner.
But what about doorway and sky? These are rather intangible objects, but they are still ‘things’. They are then, slightly ‘less good’ examples of nouns. Year, height and politics are even more marginal examples, because they refer to abstract concepts. Nouns such as swim and run (e.g. I’m going for a swim/run) and swimming (e.g. Swimming is my favourite sport) would more naturally be described as ‘events’ rather than ‘things’ and are rather peripheral examples.
A letter, or combination of letters, that corresponds to a single phoneme within a word.
- The grapheme t in the words ten, bet and ate corresponds to the phoneme /t/.
- The grapheme ph in the word dolphin corresponds to the phoneme /f/.
The links between letters, or combinations of letters (graphemes) and the speech sounds (phonemes) that they represent.
In the English writing system, graphemes may correspond to different phonemes in different words.
- The grapheme s corresponds to the phoneme /s/ in the word see, but…
- …it corresponds to the phoneme /z/ in the word easy.