The Englicious Glossary includes the new National Curriculum glossary terms, which are shown against a white background. However, there's much more to be found here:
- we have added many entries that we feel are important, but cannot be found in the NC Glossary (e.g. connective), and
- in many cases we have added information to the often very brief NC entries that need further explanation (e.g. clause and phrase).
Please note that in line with our practice throughout the site, we use capital letters for function terms such as Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Modifier, etc. Although this convention is not followed in the documentation published by the Department for Education we have also done so in the text that forms part of the National Curriculum Glossary.
Tip: Within our units and resources, Glossary items appear highlighted within the text. When you hover over them, or click on them in the Slideshow, a popup is generated.
An acronym for grammar, spelling, and punctuation. The 2014 UK National Curriculum formally refers to GPaS, and Englicious opts for this formal appellation. SPaG has become the common colloquial term among many teachers, educationalists, and publishers.
At the end of year 6, students are required to take a GPaS exam. Resources for exam prep can be found on Englicious in the Level menu, under the heading Y6 GPaS Test.
A letter, or combination of letters, that corresponds to a single phoneme within a word.
- The grapheme t in the words ten, bet and ate corresponds to the phoneme /t/.
- The grapheme ph in the word dolphin corresponds to the phoneme /f/.
The links between letters, or combinations of letters (graphemes) and the speech sounds (phonemes) that they represent.
In the English writing system, graphemes may correspond to different phonemes in different words.
- The grapheme s corresponds to the phoneme /s/ in the word see, but…
- …it corresponds to the phoneme /z/ in the word easy.