An active verb has its usual pattern of Subject and Object (in contrast with the passive).
- Active: The school arranged a visit.
- Passive: A visit was arranged by the school.
Active voice is the more common pattern (or voice) of sentence or clause, which contrasts with the special pattern of passive. In an active sentence which describes an action, like My sister painted the fence, the agent of the action (my sister) is expressed as the Subject. If this example is changed into a passive, the patient of the action (the fence) becomes the Subject: The fence was painted by my sister.