A form of noun (with ' or 's added) or pronoun that is often used to show possession.
A possessive can be:
- a noun followed by an apostrophe, with or without s
- a possessive pronoun.
- Tariq’s book [Tariq has the book]
- The boys’ arrival [the boys arrive]
- That essay is mine. [I wrote the essay]
The relation expressed by a possessive goes well beyond ordinary ideas of ‘possession’. A possessive may act as a determiner.
- His obituary [the obituary is about him]
The meaning of a possessive is not always 'possession' in a literal sense, e.g. John's arrival.
See also possessive adjective.