Topic: Primary

Sub-topics

Relevant for Primary School teachers and students.

National Curriculum Introduction (Primary)

Purpose of study

English has a pre-eminent place in education and in society. A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know.

National Curriculum KS1 Y1

During year 1, teachers should build on work from the Early Years Foundation Stage, making sure that pupils can sound and blend unfamiliar printed words quickly and accurately using the phonic knowledge and skills that they have already learnt. Teachers should also ensure that pupils continue to learn new grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPCs) and revise and consolidate those learnt earlier. The understanding that the letter(s) on the page represent the sounds in spoken words should underpin pupils’ reading and spelling of all words.

National Curriculum KS1 Y1: Composition

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y1: Handwriting

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y1: Reading Comprehension

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y1: Spelling

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y1: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y1: Word Reading

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y2

By the beginning of year 2, pupils should be able to read all common graphemes. They should be able to read unfamiliar words containing these graphemes, accurately and without undue hesitation, by sounding them out in books that are matched closely to each pupil’s level of word reading knowledge. They should also be able to read many common words containing GPCs taught so far [for example, shout, hand, stop, or dream], without needing to blend the sounds out loud first.

National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Composition

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Handwriting

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Reading Comprehension

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Spelling

Statutory requirements

Spelling (see English Appendix 1 [see the table below on this page])

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Word Reading

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4

By the beginning of year 3, pupils should be able to read books written at an age-appropriate interest level. They should be able to read them accurately and at a speed that is sufficient for them to focus on understanding what they read rather than on decoding individual words. They should be able to decode most new words outside their spoken vocabulary, making a good approximation to the word’s pronunciation.

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4: Composition

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4: Handwriting

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4: Reading Comprehension

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4: Spelling

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y3 & Y4: Word Reading

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

National Curriculum KS2 Y5 & Y6

By the beginning of year 5, pupils should be able to read aloud a wider range of poetry and books written at an age-appropriate interest level with accuracy and at a reasonable speaking pace. They should be able to read most words effortlessly and to work out how to pronounce unfamiliar written words with increasing automaticity. If the pronunciation sounds unfamiliar, they should ask for help in determining both the meaning of the word and how to pronounce it correctly.

National Curriculum KS2 Y5 & Y6: Composition

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

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