National Curriculum KS1 Y2: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Statutory requirements

Pupils should be taught to:

  • develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English Appendix 2 [below] by:
    • learning how to use both familiar and new punctuation correctly (see English Appendix 2 [below]), including full stops, capital letters, exclamation marks, question marks, commas for lists and apostrophes for contracted forms and the possessive (singular)
  • learn how to use:
    • sentences with different forms: statement, question, exclamation, command
    • expanded noun phrases to describe and specify [for example, the blue butterfly]
    • the present and past tenses correctly and consistently including the progressive form
    • subordination (using when, if, that, or because) and coordination (using or, and, or but)
    • the grammar for year 2 in English Appendix 2 [see the table below on this page]
    • some features of written Standard English
  • use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 [see the table below on this page] in discussing their writing.
Detail of content to be introduced
Word Formation of nouns using suffixes such as –ness, –er and by compounding [for example, whiteboard, superman].
Formation of adjectives using suffixes such as –ful, –less.
Use of the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and the use of –ly in Standard English to turn adjectives into adverbs.
Sentence Subordination (using when, if, that, because) and coordination (using or, and, but).
Expanded noun phrases for description and specification [for example, the blue butterfly, plain flour, the man in the moon].
How the grammatical patterns in a sentence indicate its function as a statement, question, exclamation or command.
Text Correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout writing.
Use of the progressive form of verbs in the present and past tense to mark actions in progress [for example, she is drumming, he was shouting].
Punctuation Use of capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences.
Commas to separate items in a list.
Apostrophes to mark where letters are missing in spelling and to mark singular possession in nouns [for example, the girl’s name].
Terminology for pupils noun, noun phrase, statement, question, exclamation, command, compound, suffix, adjective, adverb, verb, tense (past, present), apostrophe, comma.

Notes and guidance (non-statutory)

The terms for discussing language should be embedded for pupils in the course of discussing their writing with them. Their attention should be drawn to the technical terms they need to learn.

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